Wirragul Women – Always Have, Always Will (2006)

Purchase this title online here.

A documentary about elders Doreen and Gladys Miller, the last remaining speakers of the Wirangu language in an area where the dominant remaining Indigenous languages are Kokatha and Pitjantjatjara.

Doreen and Gladys live in their home community of Scottdesko, 100km from Ceduna on the Eyre Peninsular. No one speaks to them in Wirrangul anymore. Everyone speaks the dominant language of Pitjantjatjara and Gokatha. To speak the language, they can only talk to one and other.

Director: Jason Ramp
24 minute documentary
Nganampa Anwernekenhe Series 18

Doreen & Gladys Miller are the last of the Wirrangul Tribe. Doreen is 81 and Gladys is 73, when they go, the Wirrangul language goes with them. The film making process made the sister realise how much of the language they’ve forgotten. To remember the language, the sisters must recount moments in life. Because of their age, this becomes a nostalgic and sometimes difficult process.

In “Wirrangul Way” Doreen and Gladys reminisce about their life on the Nullarbor, working out bush as young girls, hunting rabbits and foxes, fencing and living a life of self sufficiency. The ladies travel from Scottdesko to various locations on what used to be the Nullabor station, recounting memories of the Wirrangul way.

DVD available from the Ronin Films.

Further clips and teachers notes are available from Australian Screen. If you intend to use this film in the classroom please purchase an educational copy from the CAAMA shop.

Wirrangul Women Press Kit


2006 Imparja Television
2006 ABC Television Australia


Doreen Miller
Gladys Miller
Wanda Miller
Wyarta Miller


Writer/Director - Jason Ramp
Sound Recordist - Eli Flugelman
Location Sound Assistant - Alby Lovegrove-Buckskin
Cinematographer - Jason Ramp
Translator - Gladys Miller
Editor - Rishi Shukla
Composer - Craig Tilmouth
Music Engineer - Mark Manolis
Sound Post Production - 2 Dogs Post
Grade & Online - Jake Southall, 2 Dogs Post

Special Thanks

Scottdesco Community
Ceduna Arts and Cultural Centre
Federation of Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Language Corporation (FATSIL)

Executive Producer - Rachel Clements
Series Producer - Barbara Clifford
Production Coordinator - Trisha Morton-Thomas
Production Assistant - Braedon Abala

This activity was supported by the Australian government through the Maintenance of Indigenous Languages and Records Program of the Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts.